Psychologist Muzafer Sherif organized this experiment over the course of a three-week summer camp in Robbers Cave State Park in Oklahoma. This experiment is a classic in social psychology and is important because it has implications for reducing conflict between real social groups. During this time, the researchers also noticed a change First, the groups were provided with noncompetitive opportunities for increased contact, such as watching movies and sharing meals together. There were also individual prizes for the winning group such as a medal and a multi-bladed pocket knife with no consolation prizes being given to the "losers. However, this didn’t work to reduce conflict; for example, meals together devolved into food fights. The Robbers Cave experiment has had an enormous impact on the field of social psychology. of the experiment, and the main findings, with special emphasis on the reduction of intergroup conflict through the introduction of a series of superordinate goals. This experiment tested the ... cloth mother exhibited emotional attachment and what is considered as normal behaviour when presented with stressful variables. The teams each burned the other group’s team flag, and raided the other group’s cabin. The participants in the study, boys who were approximately 11-12 years old, thought that they were participating in a typical summer camp, which took place at Robbers Cave State Park in Oklahoma in 1954. The boys tended to characterize their own in-group in very favorable terms, and the other out-group in very unfavorable terms.The events at Robbers Cave mimicked the kinds of conflict that plague people all over the world.

We are especially indebted to Mrs. Betty Frensley for her alert help in typing and other tasks However, the Robbers Cave study also shows that conflict can occur in the absence of a competition for resources, as the boys began speaking negatively about the other group even before the researchers introduced the tournament. More importantly, however, this study highlights the significance of the social context in the development of prejudice and discrimination.

There is a lot of evidence that when people compete for scarce resources (e.g. The study was a field experiment which means it has high ecological validity.Ethical issues must also be considered. None of the boys knew each other prior to the study. In other words, as social psychologist Thus, the boys competed in a series of contests involving activities such as baseball and tug-of-war. The groups chose names (the Eagles and the Rattlers), and each group developed their own group norms and group hierarchies. The Robbers Cave experiment also allows us to evaluate social psychology’s What Was the Robbers Cave Experiment in Psychology? The Sherifs' study was conducted over three weeks in a 200-acre summer camp in Robbers Cave State Park, Oklahoma, focusing on intergroup behavior. This means chance of demand characteristics are massively reduced. Sample Selection Phase 1 Control Group Sample Selection Phase 2 Phase 3 of the Experiment The researchers selected Oklahoma City for the experiment as it had enough schools that the experimenters could obtain subjects who wouldn't know any other subject from each school The city As the competition wore on, this expression took a more direct route. Thus, beyond mere contact, groups also need to be interdependent and have common goals.Second, this study validated the claims of realistic conflict theory, which specifies that prejudice and discrimination result when groups are placed in competition for valuable resources. First, this study has implications for the contact hypothesis of prejudice reduction, which, in its simplest form, posits that contact between members of different groups improves how well groups get along. The boys arrived at camp in two separate groups: for the first part of the study, they spent time with members of their own group, without knowing that the other group existed. The boys chose names for their groups, The Eagles and The Rattlers, and stenciled them onto shirts and flags.Sherif now arranged the 'competition stage' where friction between the groups was to occur over the next 4-6 days. Also, participants were not protected from physical and psychological harm.Nor should the results be generalized to real life because the research used only 12 year old white middle class boys and excluded, for example, girls and adults. During this first phase, the groups did not know of the other group's existence. The researchers divided boys at a summer camp into two groups, and they studied how conflict developed between them. At this point, the researchers began the next phase of the study: a competitive tournament between the groups, consisting of games such as baseball and tug-of-war, for which the winners would receive prizes and a trophy.